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語言學習電子報_第八十八期 [2017-12-11]
類別:學生  發布單位:教務處

語言學習電子報

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第八十八期

 

本期目錄

                                                             BEG: Fidget Spinners 指尖陀螺

                                     ADV: The Biggest Hacks of All Time 有史以來最大宗駭客侵入

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Fidget Spinners

指尖陀螺

For some people, when they feel anxious, bored, or energeticthey can’t stop moving. Sometimes these people can’t help but move their hands or play with an object such as a pen Elem40-01(縮小)in their hands. These kinds of little actions are called ‘fidgeting’.

當有些人感到焦慮、無聊或精力旺盛時,他們靜不下來。有時會不自覺得動動手或用手把玩一些如筆的小東西。這些把玩的小動作稱為「fidgeting」。

In 2017, a new kind of device hit the market aimed at these people. If you always feel the need to play with something in your hands, then a fidget spinner might be perfect for you.

在2017年,瞄準此類客戶的新裝置上市了,如果你常感到需要把玩些什麼,指尖陀螺可能會是你完美的選擇。

The fidget spinner consists of a ball in the middle and three plastic or metal sides that can be spun around. Users can hold the ball between their thumb and one finger, and use another finger to spin it. Or they can hold it with one hand and spin it with the other.

指尖陀螺是由一個在中心的球體加上三個塑膠製或金屬製的邊所組成,且他們可以旋轉。玩家可以用大拇指和另一隻手指把球固定在中間,然後用其他手指旋轉它。或是可以用一隻手固定,而用另外一隻手旋轉。
Elem40-02(縮小)
Many people say the toy really helps them with their fidgeting problem. They can focus more on class or on their work. However, other people believe that the toy doesn’t really help and it’s distracting for both the users and the other people around them. If you are a fidgeter, maybe you can try one for yourself and see what you think!

很多人說這個玩具可以解決他們不自覺需要把玩東西的問題,在課堂上和工作上可以更專注。儘管如此,有部分的人認為這個玩具沒什麼幫助,且會讓使用者和周邊的人分心。如果你是一個靜不下來的人,或許可以自己試試,看看效果如何!

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. anxious (adj) nervous令人焦慮的

Mr. Li feels anxious every time he gives a speech.

李先生每次演講時都很焦慮。

 

2. energetic (adj) having lots of energy精力旺盛的

Kids are usually much more energetic than adults.

小孩通常比大人的精力還旺盛。

 

3. device (n) a small machine that is used for a specific purpose裝置,手法,手段

The smartphone is the most popular electronic device in the world.  

智慧手機是世界上最受歡迎的電子裝置。

 

4. distracting (adj) cause one to lose focus使人分心的,令人心煩意亂的

Jamie’s music was really distracting to her brother, who was trying to study.

Jamie的音樂常使想要念書的哥哥分心。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. sb. (+ not) + stop + V-ing (sentence patterns)  停止(動作)

Martin couldn’t stop looking at the beautiful girl.

Martin無法停止盯著這漂亮的女孩。

 

2. sb. + can’t help but + V (sentence pattern)  忍不住

When Dave hears that song, he can’t help but dance.

當Dave聽到這首歌時會忍不住跳舞。

 

3. hit the market (idiom) to be released  上市

The new iPhone will hit the market next month.

新的iPhone會在下個月上市。

 

4. sb. + feel the need to + V (sentence pattern)  有需要去…

If you feel the need to talk to yourself, could you please do it more quietly?

如果你想要自言自語,可以試著講安靜一些嗎?

 

5. consist of (phrasal verb)  構成..,由…組成

This video consists of three different songs played one after the other.

該錄影帶是由三首不同的歌曲一首接著一首播放而構成的。

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The Biggest Hacks of All Time

有史以來最大宗駭客侵入

A hack is when somebody, called a hacker, breaks into a computer or electronic system, usually to do something bad. However, in some cases hackers don’t actually do anything once they get in; they just want to show off that they can do it. So how can we decided which were the biggest hacks of all time? The following list takes into consideration which hacks were the most dangerous, required the deepest knowledge or hacking skills, caused the largest financial loss, Adv40-01(縮小)or involved the most serious data leak.

駭客:就是指當被稱為駭客的某人、入侵電腦或電子系統,通常他們都是做壞事。然而,在某些情況下,駭客入侵實際上沒有做任何事情,他們只是想炫耀他們的能力是可以做到的。那我們怎麼能斷定哪些是史上最大宗的駭客事件呢?以下清單考量到哪些是最危險的駭客,需要最高深的駭客知識或技術,造成的財務損失最劇烈,或涉及到最嚴重的數據洩密。

1. Operation Shady Rat
In 2006, more than 70 related hacks occurred in 14 countries, resulting in a major leak of e-mails, passwords, and other government information. Some believe the Chinese government was behind it.

1.暗鼠行動

2006年,在十四個國家發生了70多起駭客相關攻擊,導致電子郵件、密碼和其他政府資訊外洩。有人認為中國政府是幕後操縱者。

2. Melissa Virus
Going way back to 1999, this virus was spread via a fake email attachmentIt is said that 20% of the world’s computers were affected by it.

2. 梅莉莎電腦病毒

追溯到1999年,這種病毒是通過假冒的電子郵件附件傳播的。據說全世界有20%的電腦受到影響。

3. US Department of Defense Attack
Also in 1999, a 15-year-old hacked into the US government’s Department of Defense system and was even able to access the top-secret information related to International Space Stations.

3. 美國國防部攻擊

同年在1999年,一名15歲的駭客入侵美國政府的國防部系統,甚至能够讀取到與國際太空站相關的最高機密信息。

4. Bitcoin Hack
When this virtual currency program was hacked in 2014, the company lost half a billion dollars and eventually went bankrupt.

4. 入侵比特幣

當這個虛擬貨幣程式在2014被駭客入侵時,該公司損失了十億美元,最Adv40-02(縮小)終破產。

5. PlayStation Network Hack
In the 2011, the biggest data leak in history occurred. Hackers exposed data from 77 million accounts, including credit card numbers for many of them, causing Sony to close the network for a whole month.

5. 入侵 PSN索尼電腦娛樂網路

2011年發生歷史上最大的數據外洩案。駭客從7700萬個帳戶中洩露數據資料,其中包括許多人的信用卡號,導致Sony公司關閉網路整整一個月。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. leak (n) an intentional disclosure of private/secret information   洩漏,露,滲漏

Over 2000 people’s names and credit card numbers were revealed in the leak. 

這場事件中洩露了兩千人的姓名以及信用卡號。

 

2. attachment (n) a file that is attached to an email   附件,附加裝置

Please see attachment #1 for more information.    

請參照附件一以了解更多信息。

 

3. top-secret (adj) very secret or confidential   機密

The government’s space exploration program is top-secret. 

政府的太空探索計劃是最高機密。

 

4. bankrupt (adj) out of business due to lack of money  破產的,完全缺乏的

The company went bankrupt after the fire because they didn’t have insurance to cover the loss.   由於沒有保險來彌補虧損,公司在火災發生後就破產。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. break into (phrasal verb) enter when one is not supposed to   闖入

Thieves broke into the store at night and stole 1 million dollars in merchandise.

盜賊夜間闖入商店偷走了價值一百萬美元的商品。

 

2. show off (phrasal verb) to do something only to impress others炫耀,愛現

Nick, stop showing off. We all know you can stand on your head.

Nick,別再炫耀了。我們都知道你可以倒立。

 

3. take into consideration (phr) to consider some factor  考慮

When the Browns choose their new house, the nearness of the house to their kids’ school is something they will take into consideration.

當布朗一家人選擇新屋時,房屋與孩子們的學校的距離會考慮在內。

 

4. sb. + be + behind + sth. (sentence pattern)

Apparently Ricky is the one who was behind all those mean rumors being spread about Alice.

顯然地,Ricky就是那個散佈有關Alice卑鄙謠言的幕後操縱者。

 

5. it is said that (phr) people have said that  據說

It is sais that sneezing with your eyes open can cause them to fall out, but obviously that’s not true.

據說睜著眼睛打噴嚏可能會導致眼睛脫落,但這顯然不是真的。

 

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