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語言學習電子報_第五十六期 [2017-04-17]
類別:公告  發布單位:教務處

語言學習電子報

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第五十六期

 

本期目錄

                 BEG: Why We Must Read to Our Kids 為什麼我們和孩子一起閱讀

                              ADV: Evolving Slang 俚語的演化

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Why We Must Read to Our Kids

為什麼我們和孩子一起閱讀

We have always known that reading to young kids is beneficial to them. Listening to stories helps children to learn new words and develop language skills. It also helps them to learn the Elem08_2(縮)importance of books from an early age. Later in life, this will help them to study hard and become successful. Last but not least, reading helps to strengthen the relationship between parent and child.

我們一直都知道對幼兒閱讀書籍對他們來說很有益處。聆聽故事能幫助孩子學習新單字,發展語言技巧。也幫助他們從幼小的年紀就學到書籍上的重要內容。稍年長之後,這個部分會幫助他們認真學習而成功。最後但也很重要的是,一起閱讀會幫助加強父母與孩童之間的情感。  
These days, reading to kids is even more important than ever before. Here’s why. Technological devices are taking over our lives. One study found that in 2016, 25% of Americans had not read a book in the last year, up from 8% in 1978. Many of us are reading less, and that time is being replaced with looking at computer and smartphone screens. What’s Elem08_1worse, when adults do this, children will follow their lead and do the same.

現今,對幼童閱讀書籍比以前還重要多了。原因在於:科技設備正在接管我們的生活。研究發現在2016年,百分之25的美國人去年沒有讀過半本書,從1978年的百分之8上升了。我們許多人都愈讀愈少,我們的時間都被電腦及智慧型手機螢幕佔滿了。更糟的是,當成人這樣做的時候,小孩也會學習他們的榜樣,做一樣的事。

If you want to cultivate good habits, try reading more books. Your future children will thank you someday!

假如你想要培養好習慣,試試閱讀更多書籍。你未來的孩子有一天會感謝你的!

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. beneficial (adj) good for sth/sb  有益處的
Learning a second language is beneficial in many ways. 

學習第二外語有許多益處。

 

2. strengthen (v) to make stronger  加強,強化

The army was called in to strengthen the flood walls along the river.     
軍隊被派遣來強化河川沿岸的防洪牆。


3. technological (adj) related to technology 與科技有關的
It’s crazy how many technological advances have been made in the last 100 years. 

許多先進科技都是這百年之內創造出來的這件事很瘋狂。

 

4. device (n) a small piece of equipment  設備,裝置
Digital devices are the fastest growing market in the world. 

數位裝置是世界上成長最快的市場。

 

5. cultivate (v) to develop  培養

This children’s story helps to cultivate respect for others.  

這個孩子的故事有助於培養對他人的尊重。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. last but not least (phr) the last thing, but not the least important one  最後但也很重要的
Simon loves Japan. First, he loves the food. Second, he thinks the people are polite. Last but not least, his wife is Japanese. 
Simon很愛日本。首先,他熱愛日本食物。第二,他覺得人們有禮貌。最後但也很重要的,他的太太是日本人。


2. A + (be) + take over + B (sentence pattern) A is dominating/taking control of B  接管,主配
Mr. Colbert will be taking over the sales department starting next week.  
庫伯特先生下週開始接管銷售部門。


3. follow sb’s lead (phr) to follow/copy what somebody (usually a leader/superior) is doing  跟隨(領導),複製
On his first day on the job, the police officer just followed his partner’s lead. 

那名警官在第一天工作時,跟隨著他的夥伴的領導。

 

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Evolving Slang

俚語的演化

One of the most challenging aspects of learning a new language such as English ispicking up slang words and expressions that aren’t even found in textbooks. To make matters even more difficult, new slang is introduced to the language all the time, old slang dies out, and sometimes regular words change into slang with totally different meanings over time. In this article, we’d like to give two examples of the latter.

Adv08-1(縮)學習像英文之類的新語言,最有挑戰性的部分就是學那些甚至在教科書裡都沒教的俚語及用語。更難的是,語言中一直會出現新的俚語,舊俚語過時就不用,有時候,一般生活用字常常會轉變成意思全然不同的俚語。這篇文章會介紹兩個例子。

 

The first example of evolving slang is the word ‘gay.’ For many centuries, this English adjective meant ‘happy’ or ‘merry’, so to have a ‘gay time’ meant to have a good time. In the first half of the 20th century the word gay started to be used to refer to homosexuals, as either an adjective or a noun, and by the end of the century, the usage of gay meaning ‘happy’ was seldom used. In the 21st century, people also started to use ‘gay’ as an adjective meaning ‘bad’ or ‘inferior’, as in, “this movie is so gay!” However, this usage is considered offensive and we don’t recommend using it.

第一個俚語演化的例子就是「gay」這個字。數百年來,這個英語形容詞意思表「開心的」或「快樂的」,因此有段「gay time」就表示「玩得開心」。20世紀前半,這個字開始被用來指同性戀,可當形容詞或名詞使用。20世紀末,幾乎沒有人用這個字來表示「開心的」的意思。到了21世紀,人們也開始把「gay」的形容詞意思當作「不好的」或「劣等的」,就像句子「this movie is so gay!」表「這部電影真爛!」。但這個用法很冒犯人,因此我們也不建議大家使用。

 

Our second interesting example is the word ‘sick’. This adjective used to (and still does) mean ‘ill’ or ‘unhealthy’, but in the last 40 years, people also started to say it to mean ‘gross’ or ‘disgusting’. For example, if you unintentionally stepped on dog poop, you might exclaim, “sick!” Interestingly enough, in the last 10 years, some people also started to say ‘sick’ to mean Adv08-2(縮)just about the opposite, for example, “this song is sick!” meaning “this song isawesome!”

介紹第二個有趣的例字是「sick」。這個形容詞曾經(現在也還是)表「生病的」或「不健康的」,但這40年來,人們也開始用來表「噁心的」或「厭惡的」。舉例來說,假如你不小心踩到狗屎,你可能就會說「噁心!」。有趣的是,這10年來,有些人也開始用「sick」這個字來表示相反的意思,譬如「this song is sick!」就表示「這首歌真棒!」

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. evolve (v) grow/change/develop  演化,演變
The giraffe evolved a longer neck to reach leaves high up in trees.   
長頸鹿演化出較長的脖子來吃到樹上的葉子。


2. latter (n) the second of two previously mentioned things, as opposed to ‘the former’ 後者
Recently I traveled to Spain and France. I’d like to tell you about the latter.         
最近我去西班牙和法國旅行。我想要告訴你去法國旅行的事。


3. homosexual (n/adj) gay  同性戀
Fred finally came out of the closet and told all his friends that he was homosexual.    
Fred終於出櫃告訴他的朋友他是同志。


4. inferior (adj) lower in quality or level  (地位)低等的,(品質)較差的
Jamison feels inferior around Jim because Jim is such a successful person.

Jamison在Jim身邊覺得低人一等,因為Jim很成功。

 

5. offensive (adj) causing offense to others 冒犯人的
Trump’s comments and behavior have been highly offensive to many people. 

Trump的評論與行為十分冒犯他人。

 

6. unintentionally (adv) not on purpose 無意的,無心的

The cat unintentionally knocked the vase off the cabinet.  
貓咪不小心弄倒櫃子上的花瓶。


7. exclaim (v) shout in surprise (由於興奮、痛苦、憤怒等)驚叫,呼喊
“Stop!” exclaimed the woman when she saw her child about to run off the train platform.  
當女子看到她的孩子要跑出月台範圍時,她大喊「停!」。

8. awesome (adj) very cool 令人驚嘆的
“That was awesome!” said the teenage boy after the girl kissed him. 
女孩親了那名青少年男孩後,他說「那個吻真棒!」。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. pick up (phrasal verb) to learn something, usually knowledge or a language 習得;拾起,撿起;接(人);責備
Jeremy picked up a lot of knowledge about Brazil by being roommates with a man from there.  

Jeremy和一位巴西人做室友的期間,他學到許多有關巴西的事。

2. To make matters/things (even) worse/more difficult, S + V (sentence pattern)  更糟糕,更困難
To make things even more difficult, the contestants had to be blindfolded during the race.  更難的是,參加比賽的人在賽跑期間必須蒙眼。

3. die out (phrasal verb) to fall out of use, to stop existing  絕種,絕跡
Mindy hopes the electronic music trend will die out someday.   
Mindy希望電子音樂潮流有天將會絕跡。

 

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