語言學習電子報_第五十七期 [2017-06-12]
類別:公告  發布單位:教務處






                                   BEG: What Generation Do You Belong To? 你屬於哪一個世代?

                                            ADV: School Without Tests? 沒有測驗的學校生活?


What Generation Do You Belong To?


In Western society, Generation X is a term that refers to people born in the 1960s, 70s, and early 80s. Members of this generation grew up with more freedom and independence than Elem9-01their parents. They are also sometimes called the MTV generation, because they grew up watching music videos on TV. Studies show that members of Generation X are usually happy andactive in their adult life.  


Members of Generation Y are those who were born in the late 80s, 90s, and early 2000s. Generally speaking, they are confident and open-minded people. On the other hand, they are the first generation to grow up with advanced technology like smartphones, and they tend to focus more on themselves. Members of this generation are also getting married later and less likely to have children.    


The newest generation is now called Generation Z. They are still too young for us to say much about them. But we already know that they are using technology and social media at an even younger age, so it remains to be seen what effect this will have on them.




Vocabulary 好字精選

1. generation (n) a group of people of the same age in society  世代
People in my father’s generation didn’t have cellphones.



2. active (adj) not lazy, doing lots physically 活躍的

An active lifestyle can help one to lose weight and live longer. 


3. confident (adj) believing in one’s self 有自信心的
The more confident you are in speaking, the more your language ability will improve.



4. open-minded (adj) open to new ideas, things, or types of people 想法開明的
When meeting people from other cultures, try to remain open-minded to their different ways of doing things.



5. likely (adj) probably  可能的

It is likely that it will rain tonight.   



Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. Generally speaking (phr) in general  一般而言
Generally speaking, Japanese people love seafood. 


2. S + tend to + V (sentence pattern) S usually does  傾向於,試圖,企圖
Students in this program tend to have higher scores than those in other programs.


3. remains to be seen (phr) we still don’t know  依然未知
It remains to be seen how well Mike and Dave will get along after they move in together. 




School Without Tests?


The Northern European country of Finland has one of the best public education systems in the world. What’s more, from kindergarten right through to university, there are no tuition fees. And if that’s not surprising enough to you, most Finnish schools have no tests, and some of them even have no subjects.


How on Earth could this work? Let’s take a closer look.


One of the ideas embraced by the Finnish education system is that less testing equals more learning. Without the need to cram for tests or waste valuable classroom hours on testing, students can spend more time actually learning. How to they make sure the students are actually learning? Finnish schools only hire the best and most qualified teachers. Without the pressure on both teachers and students to achieve high scores, more energy can be focused on using creative means to impart important skills.


So how could schools also do away with subjects? Well, to begin with, Finnish students already go to class for fewer hours than most students in the world. This means they are better rested, less stressed, and teachers have more time to prepare better lessons. More recently, further changes were made so that traditional subjects like math and chemistry have been replaced with “topics.” Instead of cramming knowledge that might never be used, students analyze real world issues, which often involves combining information from a variety of subjects.  


What are the results of this radical approach to education? When Finnish students are actually tested, they regularly score among the highest in the world.




Vocabulary 好字精選

1. kindergarten (n) the level of education before elementary  幼稚園

Schools in our country offer three levels of kindergarten.    



2. tuition (n) school fees  學費

Course tuition is due at the end of the first week of the semester. 



3. embrace (v) accept enthusiastically  欣然接受,擁抱,抓住機會,包含

Our company embraces a policy of equal hiring practices. In other words, we consider all applicants equally, regardless of race, gender, religion, and so on.     



4. means (n) way, method  方法,手段,工具

She sees this job as a means to an end; she needs the money but hates the work itself.  



5. impart (v) make information or skills known  透露,告知;傳授,給予

A teacher’s role is to impart knowledge to his or her students. 



6. radical (adj) extreme, not traditional 激進的,極端的

The professor was let go from the university because her views were too radical.



Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. wh-/how on Earth (phr) Wh-/ how (with emphasis)  到底是…
Where on Earth is the drugstore? I really can’t find it.   


2. do away with (phr) get rid of  擺脫,廢除,停止
Could society still function if we did away with taxes? 


3. to begin with (phr) first/at first  首先,一開始,起頭
To begin with, you’ll need to make sure you have all the right ingredients to make the pie.  





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