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語言學習電子報_第九十六期 [2018-02-05]
類別:公告  發布單位:教務處

語言學習電子報

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第九十六期

 

本期目錄

                       BEG: Runners-Up for 2016 Person of the Year 2016年最具影響力的角逐者

                            ADV: Fun Facts about Mark Zuckerberg 關於馬克•祖克伯的有趣事實

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Runners-Up for 2016 Person of the Year

2016年最具影響力的角逐者

Whether you like it or not, Donald Trump was chosen as the Time Magazine Person of the Year in 2016. But who were some of the runners-up?

不論你是否同意,唐納·川普被時代雜誌評選為2016最具影響力的人,但緊追在後的角逐者有誰呢?
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Hillary Clinton 
That’s right, Trumps main rival was also considered for the title.

希拉蕊·柯林頓

是的!唐納·川普的頭號競爭者也被認為是候選人之一。 

CRISPR Team
Sometimes the winner is not a person but a group of people, such as the CRISPR team, who developed a new technology that can modifyDNA. This may be able to cure many diseases.

CRISPR團隊

有時候贏家並非是一個人,而是團隊。像是CRISPR 團隊,他們發明了一項可以更改DNA的新技術,可能可以治癒很多疾病。

Beyoncé

The African American pop icon sold more albums in 2016 than any other singer. What’s more, Elem48-01she has used her fame to speak out against injustice and police violence.

碧昂絲

非裔的美國人為2016流行音樂唱片銷售冠軍。除此之外,她藉由她的名氣為不公義的事發聲和反對警察暴力。

 

Mark Zuckerburg
Facebook’s founder had a good and bad year. On the one hand, Facebook now has more than 1 billion users per day, proving how important it has become in our society. On the other hand, Facebook received a lot of criticismbecause its users share a lot of fake news. Some people blamed these fake articles for the results of the American election.

馬克·祖克伯

2016對臉書的創始者來說是好壞並存的一年。一方面臉書每天有超過一億的使用者,佐證了臉書在社會上是如何的被需要。另一方面,臉書收到很多關於使用者分享假新聞的批評。很多人責怪這些假消息造就了現在美國選舉的結果。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. rival (n) the person/team one is competing against競爭者

Cory’s rival in the boxing match was much stronger than he was.

Cory拳擊比賽的對手比自己強壯許多。

 

2. modify (v) change 修正

This sentence in your article needs to be modified. 

你需要修改文章中的這個句子。

 

3. icon (n) a person that is loved and regarded with respect by many 偶像

Jolin Tsai is an icon to the people of Taiwan.  

蔡依林是台灣人的偶像。

 

4. injustice (n) opposite of justice不公義的事

When injustice prevails in society, the people must do something about it.

當社會上出現不公義的事情,人們必須要為此做點什麼。

 

5. criticism (n) the act of criticizing 批評

The president received a lot of criticism for her decision to fire 200 employees.

董事長裁員200人的決定受到很多批評。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. whether + sb. + like it or not (phr) 不論是否願意...

Whether you guys like it or not, you have to finish your game and go home now. 

不管你們是否願意,你們現在必須結束遊戲並回家去。

 

2. runner-up (plural = runners-up) (expression) the person who gets second place in a competition 第二名

Emily didn’t win the race but she was a runner-up.

Emily沒有在比賽中奪冠,但她拿下亞軍。

 

3. speak out against (phr) to take a stand against some issue 反對

Many students spoke out against the new rule because it was unfair. 

很多學生因為認為不公平而反對這項新規定。

 

4. on the one hand…on the other hand (phr)一方面...另一方面...

On the one hand, Tracy doesn’t like her job. On the other hand, she really needs the money.

一方面Tracy不喜歡她的工作;另一方面她又很需要錢。

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Fun Facts about Mark Zuckerberg

關於馬克•祖克伯的有趣事實

You definitely know his face. Maybe you are even one of his 92 million followers on Facebook, Adv48-01the world-dominating social media app that he invented when he was a 19-year-old student at Harvard.

你肯定認得他,也許你甚至是他在Facebook(一個他19歲時在哈佛大學發明而今主宰世界上社群媒體的應用程式)上的九千兩百萬名追隨者之一。

 

But rather than a standard biography explaining how Zuckerberg became the fifth richest person on Earth by the time he was 33, we’d like to share a few interesting things you probably didn’t know about him.

我們想分享關於他一些你可能不知道的有趣事實,而不是像一個標準的自傳說明祖克伯如何在33歲前就成為世界上第五大富豪。

1. Zuckerberg has red-green colorblindness. He can see blue best, which is why Facebook’s main color has always been blue.

1. 祖克伯是紅綠色色盲。藍色是他看得最清楚的顏色,這就是為什麼臉書的主要顏色一直都是藍色。
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2. Have you noticed that he wears the same grey Facebook T-shirt almost every day? But don’t worry; he has more than one of the same shirts. He says that having such a simplewardrobe saves him time by not having to choose which clothing to wear every day.     

2. 你注意到他幾乎每天都穿同樣的灰色臉書 T恤嗎?但別擔心,他有不止一件相同的衣服。他說,有這樣一個簡單的衣櫥很省時,因為不用每天選擇該穿哪件衣服。

3. Zuckerberg can speak Mandarin at an intermediate level. How and why did such a busy man decide to learn the world’s most difficult language? According to him, because his wife Priscilla Chan is Chinese, and he likes a good challenge!

3. 祖克伯的中文程度中等。這麼忙的男人如何又為什麼決定學世界上最難的語言呢?據他所說,因為他的老婆普莉希拉・陳是中國籍,而且他一向喜歡挑戰!

4. Zuckerberg is a vegetarian and also interested in Buddhism.

4. 祖克伯是素食主義者,也對佛教感興趣。

5. Beast, Zuckerberg and Chan’s dog, has a Facebook fan page with nearly 3 million followers.

5. 祖克伯和老婆的狗Beast,擁有一個臉書 粉絲專頁,且有近三百萬名追隨者。

6. Zuckerberg wasn’t a big fan of The Social Network, a movie that portrayed him and the development of Facebook. He said that the movie misrepresented many things about him and his personality.

6. 祖克伯並不愛社群網戰這部描繪他和臉書發展的電影。他說,這部電影扭曲了許多關於他和他的個性的事實。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. dominate (v) take over, have power/influence over 主宰,支配

One male lion usually dominates a group of female lions. 

一隻雄獅通常主宰一群母獅。

 

2. biography (n) a book/movie/article about a person  傳記

Steve Jobs’ biography was released only weeks after he died.

史提夫•賈伯斯的傳記在他去世幾週後才開始發行。

 

3. colorblindness (n) a condition in which a person can’t tell certain (or all) color(s) apart   色盲

Due to his colorblindness, Kyle didn’t know which pen was the red one.   

由於他的色盲,Kyle不知道哪一支筆是紅色的。

 

4. wardrobe (n) all of one’s clothing  所有的衣服

Janelle has such an extensive wardrobe that she has six different closets stuffed with clothes. 

Janelle有非常多的衣服,多到她有六個塞滿衣服的衣櫃。

 

5. intermediate (v) Between beginner and advanced.  中級

Lance is an intermediate piano player. Lance

是一名中級鋼琴演奏家。

 

6. portray (n) depict in a work of art of film描寫,描繪

The book portrays him as an evil man, but he really wasn’t. 

這本書把他描寫成一個邪惡的人,但他真的不是。

 

7. misrepresent (v) give a false or misleading account/portrayal虛假陳述,歪曲

The author of the article misrepresented the views of the politician.

文章的作者扭曲了政治家的觀點。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. by the time (phr) to introduce an event before which something else has already happened  在…之前

By the time we got there, the train had already departed. 

當我們到達那裡前,火車已經離開了。

 

2. sb. + be + a fan of + sth. (phr) 愛好者

Miss Lin is not a fan of sweet desserts.

林小姐並不是甜點的愛好者。

 

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