語言學習電子報_第九十五期 [2018-01-30]
類別:公告  發布單位:教務處






                                           BEG: Prohibition in the United States 美國的禁酒令

                            ADV: Do Canadians Speak English or French? 加拿大人說英文還是法文?


Prohibition in the United States


It might be hard to believe today, but alcohol was illegal or ‘prohibited’ in America for 13 years, from 1920 to 1933.


In the 1800s, Americans really loved to drink. In fact, American men drank 2-3 times as much as they do today. After work, most men would go out and get drunk. They would spend all of their money, and some would go home and abuse their wives. That’s why women were the strongest voice for prohibition in the beginning. Elem47-01Some Christians also saw alcohol as immoral and wanted it banned.


But when alcohol was made illegal, it seemed to cause even more problems than before. Many people continued to importor make alcohol. Homemade alcohol was often low quality and many people died from it. A black market was created, so crime rose. Gang members became powerful and politicians often made deals with them. Society became verycorrupt.

Surprisingly, women’s groups were some of the strongest voices AGAINST prohibition this time. During prohibition, many women in big cities had visited secret bars and they liked it. They saw prohibition as a restriction of their freedom and a cause of unnecessary crime.




Vocabulary 好字精選

1. abuse (v) to hurt somebody you know physically or emotionally虐待

The boss was arrested for abusing a staff member.



2. immoral (adj) not good or moral不道德的

Religious leaders often advise people not to engage in immoral behavior. 



3. banned (adj) not allowed禁止的

Chewing gum is banned in Singapore. 



4. import (v) to bring products into a country進口

Taiwan imports a lot of wheat from the US.



5. corrupt (adj) acting dishonestly for personal gain, usually by people of authority貪腐的

The policeman was corrupt; he often accepted money from criminals.



6. restriction (n) a rule that stops or limits something 限制

According to city restrictions, buildings higher than six floors require a special permit. 



Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. black market (expression) an illegal market 黑市

That drug is illegal but it is sold on the black market.



2. sb. + make a deal with + sb. (sentence pattern) 交易...

Matt made a deal with his mom that if he got 100 on the next test, she would give him 100 dollars.



Do Canadians Speak English or French?


If you ever travel to Canada, one of the first things you will notice is that all products have English and French labels on them. Likewise, airport and other public announcements are made in both languages. That’s because Canada is officially abilingual country. In order to Adv47-01understand how this came to be, you must take a look at Canada’s history.


For thousands of years, Canada was home to the First Nations, or aboriginal people. The first Europeans to arrive on the east coast of Canada were Vikings around the year 1000 but they didn’t stay very long. 500 years later, the French arrived and began exploring Canada. In 1604 they established their first city there, and by 1685 there were 10,000 people inhabiting “New France.” However, the English were also interested in Canada. There were four major wars between the French and English in Canada. The French lost the last war in 1763 and were forced to give up their territory in Canada. But because there were so many French people living there already, the British allowed them to stay and maintain their culture and language.


When Canada gained independence in 1867, the first four provinces were created. One of them was Québec, where most of the French speakers lived. If you visit Québec today, you will notice that most people there still speak French, while in Canada’s other nine provinces, most people communicate in English. That’s why today, both are officially recognized as the national languages of Canada, and even in the primarily English-speaking provinces, most students learn some French in school, too.




Vocabulary 好字精選

1. bilingual (adj) speaking two languages雙語的

Jackie is bilingual; she can speak Italian and German fluently.



2. aboriginal (adj) describing an original inhabitant of an area原住民

Aboriginal people have been occupying Australia for 40,000 years.



3. inhabit (v) live in/occupy an area居住,棲息於

People have been inhabiting this river valley since 5000 BC.  



4. territory (n) area領土

The north of Canada is a very large territory that is occupied mostly by animals and very few people. 



5. maintain (v) keep維持,保持

In order to maintain peace, both sides signed an agreement.



6. province (n) like a state, but used in Canada, China, etc. 省份

China has 23 provinces as well as 11 of special regions.



7. communicate (v) share ideas/information 溝通,聯絡

He can’t speak but he uses sign language and writing to communicate with others



Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. sth. + come to be (phr) ending up being 最終成為

How did our lives come to be so technology-focused? 



2. give up (phr) abandon 放棄

The army gave up their plan to continue because the weather was getting too cold. 由於天氣變得太冷,軍隊放棄了繼續前進的計劃。




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