Women’s rights were a hot topic in 2017, especially in the United States. Shortly after Trump was inaugurated, women organized what turned out to be the largest single-day protest in American history, the Women’s March. Women demonstrated not only in reaction to Trump’s sexist ideas and statements, but also to focus more attention on a number of issues, including LGBT and reproductive rights, immigration reform, the environment, and more. Later in the year, a number of male celebrities were accused of sexual harassment and condemned by the public. Meanwhile, the #MeToo campaignsaw countless women admitting on social media tohaving been harassed.
We can expect that discussions about women’s rights will continue in 2018, especially during March, Women’s History Month. The origins of this month go back to the first International Women’s Day, held on March 8, 1911 in a half dozen European countries. The United Nations officially recognized the day in 1975, and has chosen a specific theme for the day every year since then. In 1980, US president Jimmy Carter declared the week around March 8 to be National Women’s History Week. Then in 1987, an organization called National Women’s History Project petitioned Congress todesignate the entire month of March as Women’s History Month.
The 2018 theme for International Women’s Day is “Press for Progress,” urging global citizens to press on in the struggle for gender equality. Some events that we can expect to take place in the US and globally during March include television documentaries, Internet blog series, and community events focusing on the achievements of women in history, celebrating the progress that women have made, and reminding the public that there is still room for improvement.
1. inaugurate (v) to officially begin a formal political position 就職
Most people in the country were hopeful when the new president was inaugurated.
2. sexist (adj) showing discrimination towards one sex (usually women) 性別歧視
The company’s sexist policy guaranteed a minimum salary for men, but not for women.
3. reproductive (adj) related to reproduction (making babies) 與生殖有關的
The zoologists were studying the reproductive habits of tree frogs.
4. condemn (v) to publically disagree with something or say something is really bad 譴責
The CEO condemned the actions of the employee who had been arrested for drunk driving.
5. campaign (n) a series of events and activities with a specific goal 運動
The Black Lives Matter campaign focused attention on racial inequality in the US.
6. petition (v) to present a formal request to an authority (such as the government) to make a certain change 請願
Residents petitioned the local government to shut down the old polluting factory.
7. designate (v) officially assign a title or status to somebody or something 指定；指派
The president designated November 1 as National Heroes Day to honor war veterans.
Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析
1. turn out to be (phr) end up being 結果是
Jessie didn’t expect the movie to be good, but it turned out to be excellent.
2. press on (phr) persevere, keep trying 不顧困難繼續前進；堅持努力
The racers were exhausted but they pressed on.
3. room for improvement (phr) possibility or hope that something can be improved 改善空間
Carly is doing well in all her classes but there is still room for improvement.
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