語言學習電子報_第一一六期

類別:學生  發布單位:教務處-教務主任 日期:2018-07-16

語言學習電子報

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第116期

 

本期目錄

BEG: A Trick for Remembering the Number of Days in Each Month 如何一招記得每月天數

                                              ADV: Women’s History Month 全國婦女歷史月

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A Trick for Remembering the Number of Days in Each Month

如何一招記得每月天數

The current month, March, always has 31 days. As a matter of fact, each month has either 30 or 31 days. There’s one exception, February, which only has 28 days (or 29 days once every four years, called a “leap year”). But can you always remember which months have 30 and 116-1which have 31 days? If not, there is one trick to help you remember.

這個月份,三月,一直都是31天。實際上,每一個月份不是30天就是31天。除了一個例外,二月,只有28天(或是每四年會有一個29天,那年被稱作「閏年」)。但你總能記得哪一個月份有30天或是31天嗎?如果無法的話,這邊有一個方法可以幫助你記住。

 

Make fists with your two hands and hold them together in front of you so you can see your eight fingerknuckles (don’t count the thumbs). Now count the months along the knuckles andgrooves between knuckles from left to right. Each knuckle or groove represents one month. Each knuckle is a month with 31 days, while each groove is a month with 30 days (or 28 for February). So, the pinkie knuckle on your left hand is January. It is a knuckle, so it has 31 days. Next comes a groove: February, 28 days. After that a knuckle again: March, 31 days. When you jump from the index finger on your left hand to the same finger on your right hand, there will be two knuckles (two 31-day months) in a row. Finally, you will end on the ring finger knuckle of your right hand, December, which has 31 days. Now you’ll never forget again! 

Mar 2018 Elem Newsletter 4-02雙手握拳在前方併攏,讓你可以看到你的八個手指關節(不要將大拇指計入)。現在沿著指節及指溝由左至右數月份。每個指節或指溝代表一個月份。每一個指節都表示著31天,同樣的每一個指溝都代表30天(或是二月的28天)。所以,左手的小拇指指節會是一月。這是一個指節,所以有31天。下一個會是指溝:二月,28天。接下來又是指節:三月,31天。當你從左手的食指指節數到右手相同的手指頭,食指時,會有連續兩個指節(兩個31天)。最後,你會在右手無名指的指節處結束,十二月,31天。現在你再也不會忘記了!

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. exception (n) one case that is different, or a person/thing that doesn’t follow a rule     例外;例外的人(或事物)

Swimming hats must be worn in the pool, with no exceptions.

去游泳池游泳一定要帶游泳帽,絕無例外。

 

2. knuckle (n) the joint where your finger connects to your hand     指(根)關節

Tim’s knuckle was bleeding after he punched the wall.

在Tim對牆打了一拳後,他的手指關節處在流血。

 

3. groove (n) an indent between two things    溝;槽;(車)轍

The wheels of the toy car fit perfectly into the grooves along the track. 

這台玩具車的車輪可以完美地合進這條軌道的溝槽中。

 

4. pinkie (n) the smallest finger    小指

The ring was so small that Allison could only wear it on her pinkie.

這只戒指太小了,因此Allison只能戴在她的小指頭上。

 

5. index finger (n) the first finger after the thumb 食指

The boy scratched his face with his index finger.    

這位少年用他的食指抓臉。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. as a matter of fact (phr) in fact    事實上,實際上

As a matter of fact, spiders are not insects.     

其實,蜘蛛不是一種昆蟲。

 

2. number + N + in a row (phr) a consecutive number of N    一連串地數字

Courtney hasn’t taken a shower for three days in a row.

Courtney已經連續三天沒洗澡了。

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Women’s History Month

全國婦女歷史月

Women’s rights were a hot topic in 2017, especially in the United States. Shortly after Trump was inaugurated, women organized what turned out to be the largest single-day protest in American history, the Women’s March. Women demonstrated not only in reaction to Trump’s sexist ideas and statements, but also to focus more attention on a number of issues, including LGBT and reproductive rights, immigration reform, the environment, and more. Later in the year, a number of male celebrities were accused of sexual harassment and condemned by the public. Meanwhile, the #MeToo campaignsaw countless women admitting on social media toMar 2018 newsletter Adv 4 Ee-01having been harassed.

婦女權利是2017年的熱門話題,特別是在美國。川普就職後不久,女性組織了美國史上規模最大的一天抗議活動--婦女遊行。女性不僅對川普的性別歧視觀點和言論作出反應,也關注許多問題,包括同性戀與生殖權、移民改革、環境等等。同年,一些男性名人被指控性騷擾,並受到公眾譴責。與此同時,#MeToo運動也讓無數女性在社交媒體上承認受到騷擾。

 

We can expect that discussions about women’s rights will continue in 2018, especially during March, Women’s History Month. The origins of this month go back to the first International Women’s Day, held on March 8, 1911 in a half dozen European countries. The United Nations officially recognized the day in 1975, and has chosen a specific theme for the day every year since then. In 1980, US president Jimmy Carter declared the week around March 8 to be National Women’s History Week. Then in 1987, an organization called National Women’s History Project petitioned Congress todesignate the entire month of March as Women’s History Month.

Mar 2018 newsletter Adv 4 Ee-02我們可以預期婦女權利的討論將在2018年繼續進行,特別是在婦女歷史月期間。這個月的起源可以追溯到1911年3月8日在六個歐洲國家舉行的第一個國際婦女節。聯合國在1975年正式認可那一天,並從那時起每年選擇一個具體的主題。1980年美國總統吉米•卡特宣佈三月八日左右的這一周為全國婦女歷史周。然後在1987年,一個名為「全國婦女歷史專案」的組織請求國會指定整個三月為全國婦女歷史月。

The 2018 theme for International Women’s Day is “Press for Progress,” urging global citizens to press on in the struggle for gender equality. Some events that we can expect to take place in the US and globally during March include television documentaries, Internet blog series, and community events focusing on the achievements of women in history, celebrating the progress that women have made, and reminding the public that there is still room for improvement.

2018年國際婦女節的主題是「爭取進步」,敦促全球公民為爭取兩性平等而奮鬥。我們可以期待三月期間在美國和全球舉辦的一些包括電視紀錄片、一系列網路部落格以及社區活動主要討論婦女在歷史上的成就,以慶祝婦女所取得的進步。並提醒大眾仍有改善的空間。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. inaugurate (v) to officially begin a formal political position     就職

Most people in the country were hopeful when the new president was inaugurated.    

當新總統就職時,全國大多數人都抱有希望。

 

2. sexist (adj) showing discrimination towards one sex (usually women)     性別歧視

The company’s sexist policy guaranteed a minimum salary for men, but not for women.     

公司的性別歧視政策保證男性的最低工資,但不保證女性的。

 

3. reproductive (adj) related to reproduction (making babies)    與生殖有關的

The zoologists were studying the reproductive habits of tree frogs. 

動物學家在研究樹蛙的繁殖習性。

 

4. condemn (v) to publically disagree with something or say something is really bad     譴責

The CEO condemned the actions of the employee who had been arrested for drunk driving.     

執行長譴責酒後駕駛的員工的行為。

 

5. campaign (n) a series of events and activities with a specific goal     運動

The Black Lives Matter campaign focused attention on racial inequality in the US. 

「珍視黑人生命」運動關注在美國的種族不平等。

 

6. petition (v) to present a formal request to an authority (such as the government) to make a certain change     請願

Residents petitioned the local government to shut down the old polluting factory.

居民們請求當地政府關閉這座舊的污染工廠。

 

7. designate (v) officially assign a title or status to somebody or something     指定;指派

The president designated November 1 as National Heroes Day to honor war veterans.     

總統指定11月1日為國家英雄日,以紀念退伍軍人。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. turn out to be (phr) end up being     結果是

Jessie didn’t expect the movie to be good, but it turned out to be excellent.

Jessie沒有期待這部電影好看,結果非常好看。

 

2. press on (phr) persevere, keep trying     不顧困難繼續前進;堅持努力

The racers were exhausted but they pressed on.

賽車手都筋疲力盡了,但他們不顧困難繼續前進。

 

3. room for improvement (phr) possibility or hope that something can be improved     改善空間

Carly is doing well in all her classes but there is still room for improvement.

Carly在所有的課表現都很好,但仍有改進的餘地。

 

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