語言學習電子報_第六十三期

類別:公告  發布單位:教務處-教務主任 日期:2017-06-12

語言學習電子報

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第六十三期

 

本期目錄

                   BEG: The Truth about Our Leisure Time 「閒暇時間」的真相

                       ADV: India’s National Sport 印度的全國運動

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The Truth about Our Leisure Time

「閒暇時間」的真相

As citizens of the 21st century, it is a very interesting time for us to be alive. Technology is advancing faster than ever before. We are the first generation to grow up with smartphones, Elem-15-01iPads, digital cameras, and so on. These devices make our lives more convenient and save us a lot of time.

身為21世紀的公民,對我們而言,這是段非常有趣的時代。科技發展的速度前所未見地快速。我們是第一批與智慧型手機、iPads、數位相機等等電子產品一起成長的世代。這些電子裝置讓我們的生活更加便利,也節省我們許多時間。

But wait a minute. Is that really true? If all this technology is supposed to save us time, then we should have more leisure time than all of our ancestorsdid. But we don’t. It actually seems that the opposite is true.

但等一下。這是真的嗎?假如這些科技應該為我們節省時間,那我們應該比先祖們有更多的休息時間。但我們並沒有。事實上似乎還相反。

Compare yourself to someone who lived 500 years ago. That person didn’t have to reply to emails, answer telephone calls, take photos and post them on social media, watch the latest TV series, and the list goes onThe truth of the matter is that we modern people spend A LOT of Elem-15-02縮小time dealing with our technologies, at the sacrifice of our leisure timeIn other words, using technology is dominating our leisure time.

將自己與活在500年前的古人相比。那人不需要回電子郵件、不用接電話、不用拍照後還要在社交媒體上發文出去、不用觀看最新的電視影集諸如此類。真實情況是,我們現代人花了很多很多時間使用科技產品,這都犧牲了我們的閒暇時間。換句話說,使用科技產品佔住我們的休閒時光。

What will this mean for future generations?

這對未來世代來說意味著什麼?

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. leisure (n) free time  空閒,閒暇,休閒
What do you usually do in your leisure time? 

你有空閒的時候通常都在做什麼?

 

2. citizen (n) a person of a certain country, time period, or of the world  市民,公民

All citizens have the right to apply for a passport. 

全體公民都有權利申請護照。         

3. century (n) 100 years  (一)世紀
How many people alive today are more than a century old? 

現代有多少人活過一百歲?

 

4. digital (adj.) electronic  數位的
“No digital devices are allowed in my classroom,” said the teacher. 

老師說:「我的課堂上不准使用數位裝置」。   

 

5. device (n) a small (usually handheld) electronic machine  (小型)電子裝置

This device can check your heart rate. 

這項裝置可以查看你的心跳數。 

6. ancestor (n) people in your family who lived before you  祖先,祖宗

Nick’s ancestors came from Germany and France. 

Nick的祖先來自德國與法國。

7. dominate (v) control, have power over  支配,統治,控制,佔…主要地位
The boss loves the feeling of dominating his workers.

老闆喜歡支配員工的感覺。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. (and) the list goes on (phr) etc., and so on  之類等等
Jimmy can play the saxophone, trumpet, guitar, drums, and the list goes on. 
Jimmy會吹薩克斯風、小號、吉他和其他的。


2. the truth of the matter is (that) (phr) the true thing is (that)  真實情況是…
The truth of the matter is that I don’t even want a girlfriend. 
真實情況是,我甚至不想要交女朋友。


3. to do A at the sacrifice of B (phr) to do A means B will be negatively impacted  犧牲B…去做A
John continues to smoke, at the sacrifice of his health. 
John犧牲健康繼續抽菸。

 

4. in other words (phr) said differently  換句話說
Brett is half fish, half man. In other words, he’s a really good swimmer. 

Brett可真是半人半魚。換句話說,他真的很會游泳。

 

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India’s National Sport

印度的全國運動

The story of how cricket came to be India’s favorite sport is tied to the country’scolonial history. British rule in India lasted from 1757 to 1947, nearly 200 years, and soit comes as no Adv-15-01縮小surprise that the British had a major cultural influence on India.

英式板球如何成為印度人最喜愛的運動與其殖民歷史有關。英國人在1757年到1947年間統治英國,將近兩百年之久,我們也不訝異英國對印度文化的影響甚鉅。

 

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game with the same basic concept as baseball, but with different rules, number of players, size of field, terminology, and equipment. It can be traced back to the early 16th century in England, and around the time that the British were colonizing India, it was immensely popular in England. There are accounts of British merchants playing cricket in India as early as 1721, but the first official club was not set up until 1792 in Calcutta. However, membership was restricted to Europeans in the early days.

板球和棒球的概念是相同的,也是拿著棒子和拿著球,但規則、球員人數、球場大小、專業用語以及配備卻有所不同。板球歷史可追朔到英國16世紀早期,大約是英國殖民印度的時期,板球在英國大受歡迎。紀錄顯示最早在1721年有英國商人在印度打板球,但第一座官方俱樂部一直到1792年才在加爾各答成立。然而,初期的會員只限歐洲人參加。

 

Adv-15-02Bombay was the city where Indians first started playing the game, and in 1848 they established their own club. In 1886 the first all-India team went to England to compete, but they only won 1 game out of 28. The first time that an Indian team beat a European team on Indian soil came three years later,sparking pride and cricket fervor across the nation.

孟買賽事是第一場有印度人參賽,在1848年,他們也成立了自己的板球俱樂部。1886年,第一次印度隊與英國隊開打,但28場賽事中印度隊只贏得一場。三年後印度隊首度在自己的土地上打贏英國隊,點燃了全國的驕傲及對板球的熱忱。

In the early 20th century, India joined the ranks of England, Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand on the international cricket scene, and in 2011 India won the Cricket World Cup. Great cricket players achieve fame and status. If you travel to India, you can see kids playing cricket in the streets all over the country, even in the smallest, poorest villages. The whole country truly loves this sport.

20世紀早期,印度加入英國、澳洲、南非及紐西蘭的行列也在國際板球賽事露臉,2011年印度贏得板球世界盃。厲害的板球球員名利雙收。假如你去印度旅行,你可以看見即便是在貧窮的小村莊也可以看到處處都有小孩在街上打板球。這整個國家真的很熱愛這項運動。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. colonial (adj) related to colonization  殖民的,殖民地的,(生)集群的,群體的
In colonial times, Australia was where England sent many of their prisoners.  
殖民時期,澳洲曾是英國遣送他們的牢犯的地方。

                                                
2. terminology (n) a group of terms used in a certain subject (term = countable, terminology = uncountable)  專業詞藻,專業術語
Keith didn’t understand a lot of the terminology that the players were using during the game because he had never played it before.       
Keith不瞭解球員在比賽中使用的專業術語,因為他以前沒有打過比賽。


3. immensely (adv) extremely  廣大地,極度地
The students found the exam immensely difficult.  
學生們覺得考試極為困難。


4. merchant (n) a person involved in trade in historical times  商人,零售商
Islam was brought to several parts of Southeast Asia by Arabic merchants.        
阿拉伯商人將伊斯蘭教(回教)傳到東南亞幾個地區。


5. membership (n) the fact of being a member  會員資格
Membership in our swimming club is free. 

我們游泳俱樂部的會員資格是免費的。

 

6. spark (v) ignite, start, cause  點燃,激勵鼓舞
The president’s comment sparked protests in the streets.  

總統的評論使街上的抗議人群起激憤。

 

7. fervor (n) intense passion and excitement  熱情,熱忱
World Cup fervor spreads around the world once every four years.

對世界盃的狂熱每四年一次散播到世界各地。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. tied to (phr) connected to  與…相關
Jim’s decision to quit is tied to his low wage.

Jim決定要離職的原因與他的低薪有關。

2. it comes as no surprise that (phr) it is not surprising that  毫不訝異
It came as no surprise that Jennie forgot my birthday. She always does. 

我毫不訝異Jennie忘記我的生日。她總是忘記。

3. join the ranks of (phr) to join a group, usually in a high/respected position  加入行列
Mark Zuckerberg has joined the ranks of Bill Gates and Warren Buffet as one of the richest people in America.

Mark Zuckerberg(馬克祖柏格)加入Bill Gates(比爾蓋茲)和Warren Buffet(華倫巴菲特)的行列成為美國最有錢的人之一。

 

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