The story of how cricket came to be India’s favorite sport is tied to the country’scolonial history. British rule in India lasted from 1757 to 1947, nearly 200 years, and soit comes as no surprise that the British had a major cultural influence on India.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game with the same basic concept as baseball, but with different rules, number of players, size of field, terminology, and equipment. It can be traced back to the early 16th century in England, and around the time that the British were colonizing India, it was immensely popular in England. There are accounts of British merchants playing cricket in India as early as 1721, but the first official club was not set up until 1792 in Calcutta. However, membership was restricted to Europeans in the early days.
Bombay was the city where Indians first started playing the game, and in 1848 they established their own club. In 1886 the first all-India team went to England to compete, but they only won 1 game out of 28. The first time that an Indian team beat a European team on Indian soil came three years later,sparking pride and cricket fervor across the nation.
In the early 20th century, India joined the ranks of England, Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand on the international cricket scene, and in 2011 India won the Cricket World Cup. Great cricket players achieve fame and status. If you travel to India, you can see kids playing cricket in the streets all over the country, even in the smallest, poorest villages. The whole country truly loves this sport.
1. colonial (adj) related to colonization 殖民的，殖民地的，(生)集群的，群體的
In colonial times, Australia was where England sent many of their prisoners.
2. terminology (n) a group of terms used in a certain subject (term = countable, terminology = uncountable) 專業詞藻，專業術語
Keith didn’t understand a lot of the terminology that the players were using during the game because he had never played it before.
3. immensely (adv) extremely 廣大地，極度地
The students found the exam immensely difficult.
4. merchant (n) a person involved in trade in historical times 商人，零售商
Islam was brought to several parts of Southeast Asia by Arabic merchants.
5. membership (n) the fact of being a member 會員資格
Membership in our swimming club is free.
6. spark (v) ignite, start, cause 點燃，激勵鼓舞
The president’s comment sparked protests in the streets.
7. fervor (n) intense passion and excitement 熱情，熱忱
World Cup fervor spreads around the world once every four years.
Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析
1. tied to (phr) connected to 與…相關
Jim’s decision to quit is tied to his low wage.
2. it comes as no surprise that (phr) it is not surprising that 毫不訝異
It came as no surprise that Jennie forgot my birthday. She always does.
3. join the ranks of (phr) to join a group, usually in a high/respected position 加入行列
Mark Zuckerberg has joined the ranks of Bill Gates and Warren Buffet as one of the richest people in America.
Mark Zuckerberg(馬克祖柏格)加入Bill Gates(比爾蓋茲)和Warren Buffet(華倫巴菲特)的行列成為美國最有錢的人之一。