If you’ve ever taken flight that crossed multiple time zones, then you’ve likely experienced jet lag. Extreme tiredness and a messed up sleeping schedule are what characterize jet lag, and the further you fly, the more pronounced the jet lag. Here are five tips for minimizing these uncomfortable effects.
1. Opt for an overnight flight.
For longer flights, this is the best option because you will have dinner at a normal time then actually get some sleep during the flight.
2. Avoid excessive alcohol and caffeine during the flight.
Drinking too much alcohol will only make you feel worse later. Coffee might betempting to keep you awake, but it’s better to avoid it and try to get a few hours of sleep. Instead, drink lots of water to stay hydrated.
3. Jump right into your new schedule
If you land in the daytime, try to stay awake, even if your body wants to sleep. If you land in the late evening, then go to bed at a normal time. This will help your body adjust faster to your new schedule. Avoid taking naps during the day when you first arrive, because your body might be confused and think it’s nighttime.
4. Go outside
Getting some sunshine on your skin after you arrive tells your body when it’s daytime. Like #3, this will help your internal clock to readjust.
5. Consider taking melatonin
Melatonin is a non-prescription natural drug that is proven to relieve the negative effects of jet lag. A 3mg dose is recommended before bedtime for three days after you arrive.
1. time zone (n) a geographical area where it is the same time 時區
We crossed 10 time zones during our flight to Canada.
2. pronounced (adj) obvious, noticeable 顯然的，明顯的
The changes in Emily since the last time we saw her are quite pronounced.
3. opt (v) choose 選擇
We opted for a luxurious VIP suite overlooking the sea.
4. excessive (adj) extreme, too far/much 過度的，過量的
Excessive fishing is causing a sharp decline in worldwide fish populations.
5. tempting (adj) difficult to resist 有吸引力的，有誘惑力的
Wow, all the desserts on this menu are so tempting!
6. hydrated (adj) containing sufficient water 保有水的，含水的
Hikers are advised to stay well hydrated on this hike as there isn’t much shade and the sun can be rather fierce.
7. prescription (n) the paper the doctor gives you that allows you to get a certain medication (醫生)處方簽
The doctor gave me a prescription for 20 tabs of anti-migraine medication.
8. dose (n) the amount of medicine one takes (一)劑量
The recommended dose of this cough syrup is 1 teaspoon.
Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析
1. be messed up (expression) in a bad state, in disorder, doesn’t make sense, drunk 弄髒，弄亂
All these figures are messed up. Who prepared this chart?
2. internal clock (expression) your body’s natural awareness of time 生理時鐘
My internal clock was totally messed up when I got off the 14 hour flight and it was daytime.