語言學習電子報_第五十四期

類別:升學  發布單位:教務處-教務主任 日期:2017-03-27

語言學習電子報

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第五十四期

 

本期目錄

                  BEG: The China-to-America High Speed Rail 中美子彈列車

                  ADV: Five Tips for Reducing Jet Lag 降低時差的五個秘訣

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The China-to-America High Speed Rail

中美子彈列車

At present, about 22 countries in the world have high-speed rail networks. Some of them, especially in Europe, travel between different countries. However, there is one future high-speed rail plan that is going to do something much more extreme: connect the continents Elem06-01(縮)of Asia and North America.

現今,世界上約有22個國家擁有高速列車鐵路網。其中有些列車,尤其在歐洲,會在不同國家之間穿梭。但未來有一列高速鐵路計畫更推崇至極:那就是連接北美及亞洲大陸。

China, the country that already has the largest HSR network, has started building a high-speed railway that will connect China and Russia to America and Canada. The trains would travel at a speed of 350 km/hr and the whole trip would take about two days. It would cover a distance of 12,000 kilometers, including a 200-kilometer underwater tunnel from Russia to Alaska. Many experts point out that this is a very ambitious project. Currently, the longest underwater tunnel in the world, the Channel Tunnel from England to France, is only 40 kilometers. What’s more, the Chinese would have to dig into frozen ground to build it.

Elem06-02(縮)已擁有世上幅員最廣的高速鐵路網的國家-中國,已經開始著手建造中俄與美加相連的這列子彈列車。這組高速列車時速高達一小時350公里,整段旅程只需要兩天。這段鐵路覆蓋一萬兩千公里的長度,包括一段200公里的海底隧道連結俄羅斯與阿拉斯加。許多專家指出,這起企劃極具抱負。目前,世上最長的海底隧道也就是英法隧道,也只有40公里長。此外,中國必須在凍土上開挖才能建造鐵路。

So will we really see an Asia-to-North America HSR in the future? Only time will tell.

因此,未來我們真的能看見中美子彈列車嗎?只有時間能解答了!

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. network (n) a system of connected things  網路
The Internet is a vast network of digital information.  網際網路是數位資訊的巨大網路。

 

2. continent (n) one of the seven masses of land on earth  大陸塊

Asia is world’s largest continent.    亞洲是世界上最大洲。

3. tunnel (n) a passage through land or a mountain  隧道
Yilan has one of the top-10 longest tunnels in the world.        

宜蘭的隧道是世上最長的前十名之一。

 

4. ambitious (adj) intending to achieve a great/difficult thing  有抱負心的,有雄心的,野心勃勃的
The writer’s ambitious idea to write a book in two days might be impossible.

那位作家立志要在兩天內寫一本書是不可能。

 

5. frozen (adj) in solid (ice) form  冷凍的

The children were ice-skating on the frozen river.      

孩子們在冰凍的河流上溜冰。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. at present (phr) currently, right now  目前,現今
At present there are about 195 countries in the world.     
世上目前有195個國家。

 

2. point out (phrasal verb) indicate 指出,指明
One of the students pointed out that the exam was too hard.    
其中一名學生指出考試太難了。

3. time will tell (phrase) something will become clear as time passes  時間會說話

Only time will tell whether our business plan will be successful.    

只有時間才能告訴我們,我們的商業計畫是否成功。

 

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Five Tips for Reducing Jet Lag

降低時差的五個秘訣

If you’ve ever taken flight that crossed multiple time zones, then you’ve likely experienced jet lag. Extreme tiredness and a messed up sleeping schedule are what characterize jet lag, and the further you fly, the more pronounced the jet lag. Here are five tips for minimizing these Adv06-02uncomfortable effects.

假如你曾經搭過飛機跨越不同時區,那你可能就體驗過時差了。極度疲憊以及錯亂的睡眠時間都是時差的徵兆,你飛的距離愈遠,時差就愈明顯。文章中涵蓋了五個秘訣可以將這種因時差而產生不舒服感降到最低。

1. Opt for an overnight flight.

選擇夜間航班。

For longer flights, this is the best option because you will have dinner at a normal time then actually get some sleep during the flight.

對長距離的航班,這是最佳的選項,因為你會在一般時間用晚餐,然後在飛航旅程中小睡一會。

2. Avoid excessive alcohol and caffeine during the flight.

飛航中避免過度飲酒及咖啡因攝取。

Drinking too much alcohol will only make you feel worse later. Coffee might betempting to Adv06-01keep you awake, but it’s better to avoid it and try to get a few hours of sleep.  Instead, drink lots of water to stay hydrated.

過度飲酒只會讓你之後覺得更糟。咖啡可能會讓你清醒,但最好要避免,試著睡幾個小時。反之,多多喝水保持水分。

3. Jump right into your new schedule

立馬調整成新的作息時間表

If you land in the daytime, try to stay awake, even if your body wants to sleep. If you land in the late evening, then go to bed at a normal time. This will help your body adjust faster to your new schedule. Avoid taking naps during the day when you first arrive, because your body might be confused and think it’s nighttime.

假如你在日間到達,即便你的身體很想睡覺,你也要試著保持清醒。假如你在晚間到達,那就按照一般時間去睡。這會幫助你的身體快一點調整成新的作息時間。剛到達時避開白天的午睡,因為你的身體可能會很困惑而覺得是夜晚時間。

4. Go outside

待在戶外

Getting some sunshine on your skin after you arrive tells your body when it’s daytime. Like #3, this will help your internal clock to readjust.

到達時讓你的肌膚接觸陽光,這會告訴你的身體何時是白天。如第三點所述,這一招會幫助你的生理時鐘調整作息。

5. Consider taking melatonin

考慮服用褪黑激素

Melatonin is a non-prescription natural drug that is proven to relieve the negative effects of jet lag. A 3mg dose is recommended before bedtime for three days after you arrive.

褪黑激素是一種不需醫生處方的天然藥物,被證實能降低時差所造成的負面作用。到達當地後建議連續三天在睡前一次服用3毫克。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. time zone (n) a geographical area where it is the same time  時區
We crossed 10 time zones during our flight to Canada. 
我們飛往加拿大途中要跨越十個時區。


2. pronounced (adj) obvious, noticeable  顯然的,明顯的
The changes in Emily since the last time we saw her are quite pronounced.      
自從我們上次一面後Emily的改變相當明顯。      

3. opt (v) choose  選擇
We opted for a luxurious VIP suite overlooking the sea. 

我們選擇奢華的VIP套房俯瞰大海。

 

4. excessive (adj) extreme, too far/much  過度的,過量的
Excessive fishing is causing a sharp decline in worldwide fish populations.  
過度捕撈造成全球魚量大減。

 

5. tempting (adj) difficult to resist 有吸引力的,有誘惑力的

Wow, all the desserts on this menu are so tempting!  
哇,菜單上所有的甜點都很吸引人!


6. hydrated (adj) containing sufficient water  保有水的,含水的
Hikers are advised to stay well hydrated on this hike as there isn’t much shade and the sun can be rather fierce.

我們建議登山健行客要多喝水,因為這個路段沒有太多遮蔽處,而陽光可能很烈。

7. prescription (n) the paper the doctor gives you that allows you to get a certain medication (醫生)處方簽
The doctor gave me a prescription for 20 tabs of anti-migraine medication. 
醫生給我20錠抗偏頭痛的藥物。


8. dose (n) the amount of medicine one takes (一)劑量
The recommended dose of this cough syrup is 1 teaspoon.

這種感冒糖漿的劑量建議一次一茶匙。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. be messed up (expression) in a bad state, in disorder, doesn’t make sense, drunk 弄髒,弄亂
All these figures are messed up. Who prepared this chart? 
所有的數據都亂了。這張圖表是誰準備的?

 

2. internal clock (expression) your body’s natural awareness of time  生理時鐘
My internal clock was totally messed up when I got off the 14 hour flight and it was daytime.

當我結束14小時的飛行,下機時還是白天,我的生理時鐘完全亂了。

 

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