語言學習電子報_第五十七期

類別:公告  發布單位:教務處-教務主任 日期:2017-06-12

語言學習電子報

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第五十七期

 

本期目錄

                                   BEG: What Generation Do You Belong To? 你屬於哪一個世代?

                                            ADV: School Without Tests? 沒有測驗的學校生活?

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What Generation Do You Belong To?

你屬於哪一個世代?

In Western society, Generation X is a term that refers to people born in the 1960s, 70s, and early 80s. Members of this generation grew up with more freedom and independence than Elem9-01their parents. They are also sometimes called the MTV generation, because they grew up watching music videos on TV. Studies show that members of Generation X are usually happy andactive in their adult life.  

在西方社會中,X世代指的是出生在60年代到80年代初期的人。這個世代的人出生後所擁有的自由及獨立性都比他們的父母那代強。有時他們也被稱作MTV世代,因為他們成長時期都看著電視上的音樂錄影帶。研究顯示X世代的成員在成人時期通常都很開心且很活耀。


Members of Generation Y are those who were born in the late 80s, 90s, and early 2000s. Generally speaking, they are confident and open-minded people. On the other hand, they are the first generation to grow up with advanced technology like smartphones, and they tend to focus more on themselves. Members of this generation are also getting married later and less likely to have children.    

Elem9-02Y世代的成員是出生在80年代後期、90年代、到2000年早期的人。一般而言,他們有自信、想法又開明。另一方面,他們是第一代和進步的科技產品像智慧型手機一起成長的一群。他們較為專注在他們自己身上。這個世代的成員也較晚結婚,也比較不願生小孩。

The newest generation is now called Generation Z. They are still too young for us to say much about them. But we already know that they are using technology and social media at an even younger age, so it remains to be seen what effect this will have on them.

最近的一代現在稱為Z世代。他們的年紀依然太小,我們無法對他們多加敘述。但我們已經知道他們甚至從幼小時起就會使用科技及社群網,因此還有待觀察之後的影響如何。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. generation (n) a group of people of the same age in society  世代
People in my father’s generation didn’t have cellphones.

我父親那一代並沒有手機。

 

2. active (adj) not lazy, doing lots physically 活躍的

An active lifestyle can help one to lose weight and live longer. 

活躍的生活方式有助於減重及長壽。    

3. confident (adj) believing in one’s self 有自信心的
The more confident you are in speaking, the more your language ability will improve.

你對口說愈有自信,你的語言能力就愈有進步。

 

4. open-minded (adj) open to new ideas, things, or types of people 想法開明的
When meeting people from other cultures, try to remain open-minded to their different ways of doing things.

與來自其他文化的人碰面時,試著對他們不同的做事方法保持開明的態度。

 

5. likely (adj) probably  可能的

It is likely that it will rain tonight.   

今晚可能會下雨。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. Generally speaking (phr) in general  一般而言
Generally speaking, Japanese people love seafood. 

一般而言,日本人喜歡海鮮。

2. S + tend to + V (sentence pattern) S usually does  傾向於,試圖,企圖
Students in this program tend to have higher scores than those in other programs.

這個課程的學生比其他課程的學生更想拿高分。

3. remains to be seen (phr) we still don’t know  依然未知
It remains to be seen how well Mike and Dave will get along after they move in together. 

Mike與Dave住在一起後能否好好相處依然未知。

 

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School Without Tests?

沒有測驗的學校生活?

The Northern European country of Finland has one of the best public education systems in the world. What’s more, from kindergarten right through to university, there are no tuition fees. And if that’s not surprising enough to you, most Finnish schools have no tests, and some of them even have no subjects.

Adv9-01(縮)北歐國家芬蘭擁有世上首屈一指的公立教育系統。除此之外,從幼稚園一直到大學都不用付學費。更令人驚喜的是,芬蘭大多數的學校都沒有考試,有些甚至沒有學科。

How on Earth could this work? Let’s take a closer look.

到底這是怎麼運作的?讓我們來一探究竟吧!

One of the ideas embraced by the Finnish education system is that less testing equals more learning. Without the need to cram for tests or waste valuable classroom hours on testing, students can spend more time actually learning. How to they make sure the students are actually learning? Finnish schools only hire the best and most qualified teachers. Without the pressure on both teachers and students to achieve high scores, more energy can be focused on using creative means to impart important skills.

Adv9-02(縮)芬蘭教育系統所持的其中一個想法就是---少點測驗,多點學習。不需要硬記內容以應付考試,或浪費寶貴的教室時數在測驗學生,學生就可以多花點時間真正的學習。如何確認他們真的在學習呢?芬蘭學校只雇用最好的、具有資格的老師。不用對老師和學生施加壓力要他們達到高分,就有更多的精力可以放在如何利用有創意的教法傳授重要的技巧。

So how could schools also do away with subjects? Well, to begin with, Finnish students already go to class for fewer hours than most students in the world. This means they are better rested, less stressed, and teachers have more time to prepare better lessons. More recently, further changes were made so that traditional subjects like math and chemistry have been replaced with “topics.” Instead of cramming knowledge that might never be used, students analyze real world issues, which often involves combining information from a variety of subjects.  

學校如何能沒有學科呢?首先,芬蘭學生已經比世上大多的學生的上學時數還少。這代表他們的休息品質較好、壓力也較小,老師也有較多的時間來準備更好的課程。更近期,改變就更多了,因此傳統的學科像數學及化學就被「主題教材」取代。學生分析真實的世界議題,這經常涵蓋了各學科的資訊。

What are the results of this radical approach to education? When Finnish students are actually tested, they regularly score among the highest in the world.

這極端的教育方法的結果為何呢?就算芬蘭的學生真的去參加測驗,他們的考試結果通常都是世界上數一數二的高分。

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. kindergarten (n) the level of education before elementary  幼稚園

Schools in our country offer three levels of kindergarten.    

我們國家的幼稚園分有三個級數。

 

2. tuition (n) school fees  學費

Course tuition is due at the end of the first week of the semester. 

每學期第一周最後一天是學費的到期日。

 

3. embrace (v) accept enthusiastically  欣然接受,擁抱,抓住機會,包含

Our company embraces a policy of equal hiring practices. In other words, we consider all applicants equally, regardless of race, gender, religion, and so on.     

我們公司採用平等雇用法則。換句話說,我們認為所有的應徵者不論種族、性別、宗教人人皆為平等。

 

4. means (n) way, method  方法,手段,工具

She sees this job as a means to an end; she needs the money but hates the work itself.  

她將這份工作視為最後手段;她需要錢但卻憎恨工作內容。

 

5. impart (v) make information or skills known  透露,告知;傳授,給予

A teacher’s role is to impart knowledge to his or her students. 

老師的角色就是要傳授知識給他/她的學生。

 

6. radical (adj) extreme, not traditional 激進的,極端的

The professor was let go from the university because her views were too radical.

這名教授因為看法過於極端而被大學辭退。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. wh-/how on Earth (phr) Wh-/ how (with emphasis)  到底是…
Where on Earth is the drugstore? I really can’t find it.   

藥局到底在哪裡?我真的找不到。

2. do away with (phr) get rid of  擺脫,廢除,停止
Could society still function if we did away with taxes? 

如果我們停止收稅,社會依然能運作嗎?

3. to begin with (phr) first/at first  首先,一開始,起頭
To begin with, you’ll need to make sure you have all the right ingredients to make the pie.  

首先,你要確定你準備做派的所有食材都是對的。

 

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