If you like candy, you’ve probably heard of sweetness. You’ve probably heard of saltiness, sourness, and bitterness too. But have you heard of umami? Umami is asavory taste that can be found in many meats, cheeses, and vegetables.
Umami was discovered by a professor in Japan in the early 1900s. His name was Kikunae Ikeda, He noticed a taste that didn’t seem to be sweet, salty, sour, or bitter, and he called this new taste umami.
The qualities of umami have been described by chefs in detail. Most chefs believe that unlike sweetness and saltiness, umami is a taste that spreads out across the tongue. It also seems to stick around in a person’s mouth for quite a while, whereas sweet or salty tastes go away quickly. Furthermore, it makes a person’s mouth more watery. Some people think that these qualities make umami more special.
A variety of foods have umami. Tomatoes and onions contain umami. Meats such as pork, fish, and beef have umami in them as well. Umami can also be found in some dried mushrooms.
1. savory (adj.) belonging to the category that is salty or spicy rather than sweet鹹的/非甜味
Do you prefer savory food or sweet food?
2. discover (v) to find in the course of a search發現
Kelly discovered a dead body in the forest.
3. bitter (adj.) having a sharp, pungent taste 苦味
Coffee beans have a bitter taste.
4. quality (n) a distinctive characteristic possessed by someone or something 特質
He has lots of good qualities; he’s patient, kind, and generous.
5. tongue (n) the fleshy organ in the mouth of a mammal 舌頭
The little boy stuck out his tongue at the girl.
Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析
1. in detail (phrase) with more detail 詳細
The police officer asked Shelly to describe the killer in detail.
2. spread out (phrasal verb) to extend over an area 延伸/散開
He spread out the box’s contents on the table.
3. stick around (idiom) to remain or linger in some place 留下
Would you like to stick around and have dinner?