語言學習電子報_第六十二期

類別:公告  發布單位:教務處-教務主任 日期:2017-06-12

言學習電子報

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第六十二期

 

本期目錄

                 BEG: To Kiss or Not to Kiss: That Is the Question 親吻嗎?不親吻嗎?這是個問題。

                         ADV: What Do You Really Believe? A Few ‘isms’ You’ve Never Heard Of  
你真正的信仰為何?幾項你從未聽說過的信仰主義。 

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To Kiss or Not to Kiss: That Is the Question

親吻嗎?不親吻嗎?這是個問題。

You’ve probably noticed in movies that many Western people kiss each other on the cheek Elem-14-01when they greet. So should you kiss your Western friends when you meet them? Or what about strangers? Before we answer this, it helps to know a little more about who practices this custom, and how.

你可能注意到電影裡許多西方人士都會在他們打招呼時親吻對方的臉頰。所以當你和你的西方朋友碰面時你應該親吻他們嗎?那陌生人呢?在我們回答這個問題之前,來看看以下內容裡是何人會實行這項傳統,還有執行辦法。

In Western European countries like Spain, France, Portugal, and Italy, people put their cheeks close together and make the kissing noise, but they don’t actually kiss the other person’s cheek. In Canada, America, and Northern Europe, cheek kissing is much less common, but you may still see it among close friends only. Middle Eastern people also do it, but only between people of the same sex. Don’t forget this, because in Iran you could even be arrested for kissing a person of the opposite sex in public! Finally, in some countries people only kiss one cheek, in others they kiss both cheeks, and in yet others they kiss three times!

Elem-14-02在西歐國家如西班牙、法國、葡萄牙及義大利,人們的臉頰會靠在一起,然後發出親吻的聲音,但他們並不是真的親吻對方的臉頰。在加拿大、美國及北歐,親吻臉頰並不常見,但你可能會在親近的朋友間看到。中東人們也會這樣做,但只有在同性之間才有。別忘記了,在伊朗你會因為在公共場所親吻異性而被逮捕!最後,有些國家的人會親吻單臉頰,有些國家會親吻兩個臉頰,還有國家會親吻三次!

As you can see, the rules about cheek kissing varya lot. So our best advice is to research before you travel. With your foreign friends, just follow their lead. If they do it first, then go for it. And for women, you have control. You don’t have to kiss anybody if you don’t want to!

如你所見,親吻臉頰的規則大有不同。因此最好的建議就是在旅行前做好研究。和你的外國朋友在一起時,只要跟著他們做就好。如果他們先做,你再跟著做。對女性朋友來說,妳有主控權。如果妳不想要,就不需要親吻任何人!

 

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. greet (v) something you say or do to say hello to others  打招呼,問候,迎接
The Japanese greet each other by bowing.  

日本人向對方鞠躬來打招呼。

 

2. stranger (n) a person you don’t know  陌生人

Kids are usually taught not to trust strangers. 

孩童通常被教導不要相信陌生人。        

3. custom (n) a tradition or practice  習俗,風俗;慣例,習慣 
According to custom, we usually put up a Christmas tree in December. 

根據傳統,我們通常會在12月就架起聖誕樹。

 

4. opposite (n) completely different in meaning. 對立物,對立面
The opposite of ‘thick’ is ‘thin’.  

厚的相反是薄。

 

5. vary (v) to be different  使不同,使多樣化

The products offered by our company vary a lot. 

我們公司提供的產品非常多樣。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. some…others…yet others (sentence pattern)    有些…有些…還有些…
Some of my friends like to play basketball. Others prefer volleyball. Yet others don’t like sports at all.      
我有些朋友喜歡打籃球。有些喜歡排球。但也有些甚麼運動都不喜歡。

                                   
2. as you can see (phr) You now clearly know that  正如所見
Thanks for listening to my talk. As you can see, I’m a big fan of this subject.  
感謝你聽我說話。你如所見,我對這個話題極為有興趣。


3. follow sb’s lead (phr) to do what somebody else is doing  效法…以…為榜樣
If you don’t know what to do in the yoga class, just follow the other students’ lead.  
假如你不知道上瑜珈課要做些甚麼,只要跟著其他學生做就好。


4. go for it (phr) just do something  努力爭取,冒險嘗試
Tim shouted, “Go for it!” to his friend who was standing at the end of the diving board.

Tim對他那位站在跳水板尾端的朋友大喊:「就跳吧!」

 

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What Do You Really Believe? A Few 'isms' You've Never Heard Of

你真正的信仰為何?幾項你從未聽說過的信仰主義。

When people ask you what your religion is, you may have a simple response such as Christianity, Buddhism, or Taoism. Most people are familiar with these major world religions and thus will have a pretty good idea of what your beliefs are. However, spiritual beliefs can’t always so easily be categorized. What if you aren’t sure what you believe in? Or don’t believe in anything? If so, maybe you can identify as one of the following:

Adv-14-01當有人問起你的宗教信仰是什麼,你可能會簡單的回答像天主教、佛教或道教。大多人都很孰悉這些主流的世界宗教,因此也有概念知道你的信仰是什麼。然而,精神信仰不全都如此簡單就可被分類。萬一你不確定你的信仰為何?或不相信任何宗教?倘若如此,也許你會是以下的其中一類:

Atheist

無神論者

If you straight up don’t believe in any God or gods, then you can call yourself an atheist. Atheism is not a religion; it is simply a belief that gods don’t exist. Even some religious people, for example in some sects of Buddhism, could be considered atheists. It is certainly possible to be an atheist and still live a moral and ethical lifestyle.

假如你真的不信神,那你可以稱自己為無神論者。無神論並不是一種宗教;這僅僅只是一種認為神並不存在的信念。即便一些宗教虔誠的人,譬如一些佛教的流派也可能被視為無神論者。成為一名無神論者,又擁有合乎倫理道德的生活絕對是有可能的。

Agnostic

不可論者

The word “agnostic” means “without knowledge.” Agnostics don’t necessarily deny the existence of gods, they just aren’t sure. According to agnostics, how could we humans ever really know if God exists? They argue that there is no tried and tested way for us to prove the Adv-14-02existence of God.  

「agnostic」這個字原意為「無智慧」。不可論者不一定表示他們否認神祇的存在,他們只是不確定。據不可論者所言,我們人類怎麼可能真的知道神明存在與否?他們主張沒有任何可信的方式讓我們證明神的存在。

Pantheist

泛神論者

Have you ever wondered if perhaps all the religions have something good to offer? And how can a person choose just one of them to identify as? Well pantheists believe that God does not belong to any one religion. God is one with the sky, the trees, the earth, and the entire universe.Pantheists believe that we should practice humility and wonder with the world around us.

你曾想過也許所有宗教都有某些部份是好的?人怎麼只能選擇其中一種呢?泛神論者相信神明並不屬於單一宗教。神性存在天空、樹木、地球及整個宇宙之中。他們相信我們的行為應該維持謙卑且對周遭事物保持驚奇。

 

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. categorize (v) to classify something into a category  將…分門別類
Our latest product is categorized as an over-the-counter drug.

我們的最新產品被分類成非處方用藥(成藥)。

2. sect (n) a spiritual/religious group, usually a part of or different than a major group  派系,流派,分支
Jennie is a member of a strange Christian sect that believes the world is going to end next year.     

Jennie屬於一支奇怪的天主教流派,他們相信世界明年就會毀滅。

3. ethical (adj) moral  合乎道德的
Bonnie is a woman of high ethical standards. 
Bonnie是位道德標準很高的女士。


4. necessarily (adv) as a necessary result  必定,必然;必要地,必需地
Drinking a few drinks per night doesn’t necessarily make one an alcoholic.      
每晚喝幾杯酒並不代表是個酒鬼。


5. deny (v) to say something is not true  否認
Marc denied that he had stolen the toy. 

Marc否認他偷了那個玩具。

 

6. humility (n) having a modest of humble view of oneself  謙卑,謙遜
The billionaire was known for his honesty and humility.  

那位億萬富翁因誠實與謙卑而有名。

 

Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析

1. identify as (phr) to consider as a certain identity 與…認同,
Kasim identifies as Sikh.

Kasim認同Sikh的看法。

2. straight up (phr) honestly, truthfully 真實的,真的,的確
Please answer my question straight up.   

請直接了當的回答我的問題。

3. tried and tested (phr, like an adj) recognized by many as reliable or successful  有公信力的,歷經考驗的,經證明是可信的
Our tried and tested new product will leave your house mosquito free!

我們的新產品證實能讓你的家沒有蚊子出沒!

 

4. A + be + one with + B (sentence pattern) A and B are/become the same thing  合而為一
When Jackie looked up at the starry sky, she felt at one with the universe. 
當Jackie抬頭看著滿天繁星,她覺得她與天地合而為一。

 

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