A hack is when somebody, called a hacker, breaks into a computer or electronic system, usually to do something bad. However, in some cases hackers don’t actually do anything once they get in; they just want to show off that they can do it. So how can we decided which were the biggest hacks of all time? The following list takes into consideration which hacks were the most dangerous, required the deepest knowledge or hacking skills, caused the largest financial loss, or involved the most serious data leak.
1. Operation Shady Rat
In 2006, more than 70 related hacks occurred in 14 countries, resulting in a major leak of e-mails, passwords, and other government information. Some believe the Chinese government was behind it.
2. Melissa Virus
Going way back to 1999, this virus was spread via a fake email attachment. It is said that 20% of the world’s computers were affected by it.
3. US Department of Defense Attack
Also in 1999, a 15-year-old hacked into the US government’s Department of Defense system and was even able to access the top-secret information related to International Space Stations.
4. Bitcoin Hack
When this virtual currency program was hacked in 2014, the company lost half a billion dollars and eventually went bankrupt.
5. PlayStation Network Hack
In the 2011, the biggest data leak in history occurred. Hackers exposed data from 77 million accounts, including credit card numbers for many of them, causing Sony to close the network for a whole month.
5. 入侵 PSN索尼電腦娛樂網路
1. leak (n) an intentional disclosure of private/secret information 洩漏，露，滲漏
Over 2000 people’s names and credit card numbers were revealed in the leak.
2. attachment (n) a file that is attached to an email 附件，附加裝置
Please see attachment #1 for more information.
3. top-secret (adj) very secret or confidential 機密
The government’s space exploration program is top-secret.
4. bankrupt (adj) out of business due to lack of money 破產的，完全缺乏的
The company went bankrupt after the fire because they didn’t have insurance to cover the loss. 由於沒有保險來彌補虧損，公司在火災發生後就破產。
Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析
1. break into (phrasal verb) enter when one is not supposed to 闖入
Thieves broke into the store at night and stole 1 million dollars in merchandise.
2. show off (phrasal verb) to do something only to impress others炫耀，愛現
Nick, stop showing off. We all know you can stand on your head.
3. take into consideration (phr) to consider some factor 考慮
When the Browns choose their new house, the nearness of the house to their kids’ school is something they will take into consideration.
4. sb. + be + behind + sth. (sentence pattern)
Apparently Ricky is the one who was behind all those mean rumors being spread about Alice.
5. it is said that (phr) people have said that 據說
It is sais that sneezing with your eyes open can cause them to fall out, but obviously that’s not true.