In February 2016, Harper Lee died peacefully while she was sleeping. She was arenowned novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize for her most famous novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, in 1961. The book was published in 1960, but it won the award the year after. She was born in 1926 in Alabama. She had three siblings, and although she was the youngest child, she was quite tough. Truman Capote (who was also a novelist later in life) was one of her childhood friends, and Lee often protected him from other boys who tried to pick on him.
2016年二月，Harper Lee在熟睡中安詳離世。她是一位著名的小說家，她最有名的小說「梅岡城故事」 獲得1961年普利茲獎。這本書在1960年出版，但一年後才得獎。Lee在1926年出生於阿拉巴馬州。她有三個兄弟姐妹，雖然她是最小的孩子，但她很堅強。Truman Capote（在他人生晚期成為一位小說家）是她童年時代的朋友，且Lee經常保護他不受其他男孩欺負 。
Unlike many women who were interested in fashion and makeup, Lee focused strongly on writing. After transferring to the University of Alabama, she got involved with Rammer Jammer, which was the school’s newspaper.Despite the fact that she joined the school’s law program, her true passion lay in writing, not in law. She soon left the school to focus on writing.
After working for an airline company for many years, Lee became friends with a famous composer named Michael Martin Brown. Brown supported her financially so that she could write full-time. Eventually she finished her first novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. The book is based on her personal life. It showcases harsh themes likeracism and rape. Many schools across the US use the book to teach students useful morals.
在某間航空公司工作了多年之後，Lee和一位名叫Michael Martin Brown的著名作曲家成了朋友。Brown資助她，以便她能全職寫作。最終，她完成了她的第一部小說「梅岡城故事」。這本書是以她的私人生活為故事架構。書中呈現種族歧視與強暴等殘酷的主題。美國許多學校也使用這本書來教導學生實用的道德意義。
1. renowned (adj.) famous 著名的，知名的
Banksy is a renowned graffiti artist.
2. novelist (n) a writer of novels 小說家
Terrance wants to become a novelist.
3. award (n) a prize given in honor of achievement 頒發的獎賞
The award for this year’s most improved bowler goes to Mr. Potts.
4. transfer (v) to move from one place to another 轉移
In order to transfer money at the bank, you need to bring your ID.
5. passion (n) strong emotion 熱情
They don’t have any passion for mathematics.
6. composer (n) a person who writes music 作曲家
Who is the composer of this music?
7. racism (n) discrimination against someone of a different race 種族歧視
Racism is still a problem in America.
Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析
1. pick on (phrasal verb) to bully 欺負，欺凌
Henry liked to pick on the younger boys.
2. get involved (phrasal verb) to become associated 介入，牽涉（＋in）
I don’t want to get involved with this situation.
3. Despite / in spite of + the fact that + clause + contrasting clause (sentence pattern) 儘管…（the fact that+S+V）
Despite the fact that I tried hard, I didn’t pass the test.