All around the world, people use numerous slang terms for their money. There are simply too many for us to list here, so we’ll just look a few slang terms from four countries whose currency is the dollar: Canada, America, Australia, and Taiwan.
In Canada, the most common slang for dollar is buck, for example 2$ = two bucks. When Canada introduced a new gold-colored one-dollar coin in 1987, Canadians soon gave it the nickname ‘loonie’ after the image of a loon, a common Canadian bird, on it. Nine years later, when the country introduced its first two-dollar coin, Canadians nicknamed it the ‘toonie’, a combination of ‘two’ and ‘loonie’.
Like Canadians, Americans also commonly say buck. Americans have a lot of slang for their banknotes as well, some of which are named after the president that is pictured on the bill. For example, a 100-dollar bill is sometimes called a Benjamin, after the president Benjamin Franklin, who appears on it.
In the Land Down Under, there is more slang for coins and banknotes than any other country discussed here. Some but not all of the terms originated in England, because Australia was colonized by the British. A lot of the slang terms for banknotes are based on the colors of the bills. For example, a 50-dollar note is called a pineapple because it is yellow, a 20-dollar one a lobster because it is red, and so on.
Being a non-English-speaking country, Taiwan doesn’t have much English slang for the dollar. Many English speakers use the Mandarin word kuai, which is ameasure word for one unit of any currency. It is also common to hear people say NT, which is short for New Taiwan Dollar.
1. slang (adj/n) informal words 俚語
‘Wasted’ is slang for ‘very drunk’.
2. currency (n) the money used in a country 貨幣
The currency of Brazil is the real, which is pronounced as two syllables.
3. nickname (n/v) a familiar, shorter, or funny name given to sb or sth 暱稱、別名
Nicholas prefers when people call him by his nickname, Nick.
4. banknote (n) a bill 紙鈔
The smallest banknote in Canada is the five-dollar bill.
5. colonize (v) when one country takes political control over another 將…建立成殖民…
The British colonized India for nearly two centuries.
6. lobster (n) a large shelled marine animal 龍蝦
The lobster seems to be the most expensive thing on this menu.
Phrases and Sentence Patterns句型解析
1. N + whose + N + V (sentence pattern) (關係代名詞的所有格)
The person whose car is parked in front of the mall’s entrance must go move it right now or else it will be towed.
2. Land Down Under (nickname) a nickname for Australia (澳洲的暱稱)南邊土地
There is a myth that in the Land Down Under, water in toilets spins in the opposite direction from the Northern Hemisphere when you flush.
3. measure word (expression) a word used to count something 單位詞
‘Grain’ is the measure word for one tiny piece of sand or rice.